One of the current challenges in Earth Sciences is the improvement of efficient natural resources management, essentially, through the development of novel advanced methods for minerals prospecting using modern satellite technologies.

A monograph highlights the novel remote sensing methods for mineral prospecting of different resources. These methods were developed in the Scientific Centre for Aerospace Research of the Earth, IGS NAS of Ukraine in recent years. It is presented and described the following ones theoretical and methodical fundamentals for the integration of multispectral satellite imagery, field spectrometry, geological and geophysical data for remote sensing minerals prospecting both onshore and offshore, novel efficient methods for remote sensing hydrocarbon prospecting and as well as for ore and non-ore mineral deposits detecting.

Most of the developed remote sensing methods for hydrocarbon prospecting have been validated over the test sites within the Dnieper-Donets Depression as well as inside prospective offshore areas of Black Sea. The developed remote sensing methods for ore and non)ore minerals prospecting have been applied to predict the poly-metallic deposits within the Ukrainian Shield, to search the occurrences of gypsum and anhydrite in many regions of Ukraine, etc.

The developed remote sensing methods for the minerals exploration onshore and offshore can be a scientific basis for the justification of the measures to the efficient environment management and taking the informative and administrative decisions.

The authors hope that the of monograph will be useful for the scientists and experts, which work to resolve the various natural resource issues and implementation of the new promising geological and geoinformation technologies.

 novel remote sensing methods for minerals prospecting